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2-m Hand-Held Paging Transceiver

Table of Contents

Specifications 3
Accessories & Options List 4
Controls & Connectors 5
Top Panel 5
Side & Front Panels 6
Key Functions 9&10
Batteries & Chargers 11
NC-50 Desktop Rapid Charger 11
PA-10 Mobile Power Adapter 12
FBA-14 Dry-Cell Battery Case 12
Battery Removal & Replacement 13
MH-12A2B & MH-18A2B Speaker/Mics 14
MH-19A2B Earpiece/Microphone 14
VC-22 VOX Headset with Boom Mic. 14
Antenna Considerations 14
Preliminary Steps 15
Volume & Squelch Setting 16
Frequency Selection Modes 17
Frequency & Step Selection 18
Transmitting 19
Repeater Splits 20
Setting Standard Repeater Offset 21
Automatic Repeater Shift 22
Simple Memory Storage 22
Recalling Memories 24
Call Channel Memory 24
Memory Tuning 25
Masking Memories 25
Naming Memories 26
Scanning 28
Memory Skip Scanning 28
Programmable Subband Limits 29
Priority Channel Monitoring 30
Memory-Only Mode 31
Locking the Controls 32
Lamp Illumination 32
CTCSS Operation (with FTS-26) 33
DTMF Paging & Code Squelch 35
DTMF Autodial Memories 45
Customizations 48
Extending Battery Life 51
In Case Of Problems 55
Packet Radio 57
FTS-26 Installation 58

Page 1

FT-11R FM Hand-Held Paging Transceiver

The FT-11R is a deluxe compact FM hand-held transceiver using
the latest capabilities in microprocessor control for the 2-m VHF
amateur band. Transmitter power output is selectable in four
levels, with a new high-efficiency FET final amplifier allowing up
to five watts output when used with only a 9.6-volt battery pack.
The FT-11 R offers a wide range of battery preserving features, a
lO-memory, 15-digit DTMF autodialler, and a wealth of selective
calling/paging features.

The slim-line compact case is designed to be very easy to
carry and to fit comfortably in hand. Knob count is minimized by
using push-buttons for volume and squelch control. The die-cast
alloy rear case/heatsink and thick high-impact polycarbonate
plastic front panel and battery cases provide a rugged yet stylish
unit. Rubber gaskets seal external connectors to protect against
dust and rain or spray. The LCD (display) and translucent keypad
have selectable lighting modes, and the display shows six frequency
digits and most programmable functions, plus relative signal
strength, power output and preset volume level on vertical and
horizontal bargraph meters.

Two independent VFOs and 150 freely tunable memories are
programmable from the keypad. Memory features include scanning,
independent tx/rx frequencies or programmable offsets, two pairs of
programmable subband limits for band scanning, selectable scan skip
for busy channels, scan resume on carrier drop or after 5-second
pause, priority monitoring and an instant-recall CALL channel.
Standard channel steps from 5 to 50 kHz are selectable and 1-MHz
steps are also available for tuning. The optional FTS-26 CTCSS
(Continuous Tone-Coded Squelch System) provides 39 standard
sub-audible tones which can be stored in each memory independently.
Also with the FTS-26, a CTCSS Bell feature can be set to sound a
paging alert tone when tone squelch opens.

New features include naming of memory channels and DTMF
Autodial memories with up to 6 characters of your choice, for
automatic display or manual selection. Also, DTMF message

Page 2

Paging allows you to send and receive 6-character messages to and
from your friends automatically. Ten memorized messages can be
stored in an outgoing-message bank, and easily selected for
transmission, while a separate incoming-message bank stores the 10
most recent incoming pager messages.

In addition to the 4-step power output selection, unique
features to extend battery charge life include Yaesu's ABS
(Automatic Battery Saver), which monitors operating history and
optimizes the save duration accordingly; the TX Save feature, which
automatically reduces transmit power during periods of no
modulation and high incoming signal strength; selectable-period APO
(Automatic Power Off) to turn off the radio after a period of
inactivity; and selectable always-on or 5-second illumination of
the display and translucent keypad.

The keypad serves as a DTMF encoder during transmission, and
up to 10 DTMF memories can store 15 digits each for quick playback
of commonly used numbers. The DTMF (Dual-Tone, Multi-Frequency)
-based selective calling and private paging capabilities let you
select any of 999 3-digit ID codes for your transceiver, and then
have it stay quiet until your code is received (from any standard
DTMF-equipped transceiver). Upon receiving the DTMF ID code, you
can have a paging beeper sound (1, 3 or 5 times), and also have the
squelch open, or not, as desired. Additionally, in the page mode,
when your ID code and a 3-digit ID code of the calling station are
received, your display shows the code of the calling party. Eleven
3-digit code memories store your ID plus those of 9 other
frequently called stations or groups you wish to monitor, and an
extra code memory always stores the last 3-digit DTMF code heard.

Please read this manual carefully to familiarize yourself with
the FT-11R features.

Page 3


Frequency range (MHz): 144 - 146 or 148
Channel steps: 5, 10, 12.5, 15, 20, 25 & 50 kHz
Repeater shift: +/- 600 kHz (programmable)
Emission type: F2, F3
Supply voltage: 4.0 to 12 V DC
Current consumption:
20 mu-A Auto Power Off
16 mA Standby (Saver on)
140 mA Receive @11.0 V*, w/200 mW AF
42 mA Receive @ 11.0 V, (squelched)
1.5 A Transmit(5W)
* 11.0 V provided by PA-10 Mobile Power Adapter

Antenna (BNC jack): YHA-52 rubber helical
Case size (WHD): 57 x 123 x 26 mm w/FBA-14
Weight (approx.): 280 grams with FBA-14


Circuit type: Double-conversion superheterodyne
IFs: 17.7 MHz & 455 kHz
12-dB SINAD Sensitivity: <0.158 muV
Adjacent channel selectivity: > 64 dB
Intermodulation: > 60 dB
AF output (@11.0 10% THD): 0.2 W @ 8 ohms


Power output (@11.0 V): approx. 5.0, 3.0, 1.5 & 0.3 W
Frequency stability: better than +/- 10 ppm
Modulation system: variable reactance
Maximum deviation: +/- 5 kHz
FM Noise (@ 1 kHz): better than -40dB
Spurious emissions: > 60 dB below carrier
AF distortion (@ 1 kHz): <5%, w/3.5 kHz deviation
Microphone type: 2-kOhm condenser

Specifications may be subject to change without notice or

Page 4
Accessories & Options List

Rechargeable Ni-Cd Battery Packs

FNB-31 4.8 V, 600 mAh
FNB-33 4.8 V, 1200 mAh
FNB-35 7.2 V, 900 mAh
FNB-38 9.6 V, 600 mAh

Desktop Rapid Charger

NC-50 for FNB-31, -33, -35 & -38
CA-10 Charge Adapter (used w/NC-50)

Compact 15-Hour Chargers

NC-55B/C* for FNB-31 (use w/CA-9)
NC-34B/C for FNB-33/35 (use w/CA-9)
NC-38B/C for FNB-38 (use w/CA-9)
*"B" suffix for use with 117 VAC, or "C" for use with 220-234 VAC.

CA-9 Charge Adapter (used w/NC-34B/C, -38B/C and -55B/C)

Other Accessories

FBA-14 Battery Case for 4 AA-size Dry-Cells
CLIP-3 Belt Clip
CSC-61 Soft Case for FBA-14, FNB-33, -35, -38
CSC-62 Soft Case for FNB-31
PA-10 Mobile Power/Adapter
MH-12A2B Hand Speaker/Microphone
MH-18A2B Miniature Hand Speaker/Mic
MH-19A2B Earpiece/In-Line Miniature Mic
VC-22 VOX Headset
YHA-52 Flexible Helical Antenna
FTS-26 CTCSS Tone Squelch Unit

Availability of accessories may vary: some accessories are supplied
as standard per local requirements, others may be unavailable in
some regions. Check with your Yaesu dealer for changes to the above

Page 5
Controls & Connectors

Top & Front Panel

(1) Antenna Jack
This BNC jack accepts the supplied YHA-52 flexible antenna, or
another antenna designed to provide 50-ohm impedance on the 2-m

(2) EAR Jack
This 2-conductor, 3.5-mm mini phone jack provides audio output for
an optional earphone or speaker/mic (impedance is 8 ohm). The
internal loudspeaker is disabled when this jack is used. Note: the
protective rubber cover over the jacks must be pulled up to access
them. Press it back over the jacks when they are not in use, to
protect the inside of the transceiver from dust and water.

(3) MIC Jack
This 2-conductor, 2.5-mm phone jack accepts microphone input from
an optional microphone or speaker/mic (impedance is 2-kOhm). The
internal microphone is disabled while this jack is used.

(4) DIAL Rotary Selector
Use this 20-position switch to tune, or select memories and other
settings such as tuning steps and paging codes, according to the
function selected by the keys. This knob can be set to duplicate
some functions of the VOLUME UP / VOLUME DOWN keys for convenience
(page 50).

These buttons adjust the volume of the receiver in 32 small
increments, indicated in the vertical bargraph at the left of the
display. Also, the squelch is adjusted in the same manner after
first pressing the F/M key. This sets the threshold level at which
received signals

Page 6

(or noise) open the squelch. It should normally be set just to the
point where noise is silenced (BUSY/TX lamp is off) when the
channel is clear.

(6) LOCK Switch
This slide switch locks the front-panel controls and buttons. Four
locking modes are selectable: keypad, PTT, DIAL and volume level,
in various combinations.

(7) BUSY/TX Indicator Lamp
This LED indicator glows red when transmitting, and green when the
noise squelch is open (the channel busy) during reception.

(8) Front Panel Keys
These 18 keys generate DTMF tone pairs during transmission (except
CALL & MSG), and select operating features of the transceiver
during reception. One or two beeps sound whenever a key is pressed
(unless the keypad beeper is disabled). The labels on the keyfaces
indicate their primary functions, while labels on the panel
indicate alternate functions, which are activated by momentarily
pressing F/M/D first, and then the desired key within five seconds.

For example, to use the alternate (Low Power) function of the
LOW/DEF/3 key, you press F/M/D followed by LOW/DEF/3 within five
seconds (in the manual, we indicate this by showing F/M/D, arrow,
LOW/DEF/3). There are also some "Setting Mode" functions, for
customizing less-commonly used features. The Setting Mode is
activated by pressing and holding F/M/D for > « sec. (until the
second beep sounds) then using the DIAL and MHZ UP/A or MHZ DOWN/B
keys to select and change function settings. All key functions are
summarized in the tables on the next two pages (by key), and by
function on the FT-11R Operator's Quick Reference Card. These are
described in detail in the Operation chapter.

Side & Rear Panel

(1) PTT, Monitor (Burst) & LAMP Switches
The three buttons under the rubber cover are activated by pressing
the ridges at the top (PTT Push-to-Talk) center (Squelch
override/Monitor or Burst), or bottom (Lamp) of the cover.
The rubber cover over the switches is intended to be
permanent, and allows the switches underneath to be operated
without removal.

Page 7

Press and hold the (top) PTT switch while speaking across the front
of the transceiver to transmit (the microphone element is in the
center of the panel). While transmitting, the BUSY/TX indicator
glows red, and pressing the front panel keys transmits a DTMF tone
or tone sequence.

The center switch, in non-European versions, opens the squelch
momentarily without disturbing the squelch settings. Pressing F/M/D
first before the monitor button causes receiver audio to be muted
("MUTE" displayed) until the button is released.

In European versions, the center switch transmits a 1750-Hz tone,
for repeater access.

Press the (lower) LAMP switch to illuminate the display and keypad
when operating in the dark. Pressing only this switch activates the
lamp for 5 seconds. Press F/M/D first if you want the lamp to stay
on (until you press the switch again).

(2) Battery Release
Slide this mechanical button to the left to install a battery pack,
and to release the battery for removal.

(3) POWER switch
To turn the transceiver on, gently press and hold this orange
switch for « sec. Do this again to turn the power off.

Page 8

LCD Indications

[graphic representation of possible displays on the screen]:

across top row:
- a number in the Memory Box, e.g. 146
- LOW, for Low TX power
- T, for CTCSS encode
- SQ, for CTCSS Decode
- minus and plus, for Repeater Shift
- icon of a sound wave, for Pager Alert Ringer
- icon of telephone, for DTMF Memory Autodialer
- icon of clock, for APO Timer On

vertical column at left edge of display: Preset Level Bargraph

across middle area of screen:
- SKIP and UP pointer - Memory scan skip
- underneath that, MT - memory tune
- in centre of display, in larger figures: 146.0 space 12 then
smaller 5 - showing 12.5 kHz Steps selected
- icon of a Bell, for CTCSS Bell

across screen, beneath frequency display, left to right:
- VL - Volume Lock
- dash - Page Code Enabled
- MSG - Paging Message Mode Enabled
- T.PAGE - DTMF Paging/Trigger Paging
- CODE - DTMF Code Squelch
- SAVE - RX Pwr Saver
- icon of battery - Low Batt. Power

across screen, left to right, bottom row:
- PL - PTT Lock
- KL - Keypad Lock
- DL - Dial Lock
- F - Alt Key Function
- S-display, numbered 1-9 - Rx S-Units Rel. Tx Pwr

Page 9

Key Functions

[This is shown as a table, listing Key; Normal Function; and Alt
Function (after pressing F/M/D key - "F" is displayed for 5 secs.)

1; Enter digit 1; Toggles CTCSS Encode/Decode Mode: T/T/SQ off.
Note: FTS-26 (optional) must be installed for Tone Squelch (Decode)
and CTCSS Bell function.

2; Enter digit 2; Toggle display of CTCSS tone frequency (use DIAL
to select tone) or enable/disable keypad key beeper (press F/M/D
key - "b" appears in memory box)

3; Enter digit 3; Toggle High/3-step selectable Low Tx Power. Low
TX power level selected using DIAL knob or MHZ UP/A or MHZ DOWN/B
keys. (LOW 1, LOW 2, or LOW 3 shows in LCD).

4; Enter digit 4; Display/select power saver interval (sleep ratio)
use DIAL knob or MHZ UP/A or MHZ DOWN/B keys to select the desired
ratio, automatic or off.

5; Enter digit 5; Enable/disable Auto Power-Off feature, and select
power-off timer period (10, 20 or 30 mins.)

6; Enter digit 6; Toggles repeater shift direction: -/+/off

7; Enter digit 7; Display/select tuning steps size (use DIAL to
select default steps of 5, 10, 12.5, 15, 20, 25 & 50 kHz).

8; Enter digit 8; Display state TX Save feature-press MHZ UP/A or
MHZ DOWN/B keys to toggle on/off.

9; Enter digit 9; Toggle repeater shift reverse.

0; Enter digit 0; Activate "set-function" mode: "F" displayed for
5 secs., DIAL knob selects any of 13 functions, MHZ UP/A or MHZ
DOWN/B keys change default settings.

Page 10

Key Functions (continued)

*; Normal Function - From VFO: recall last-used memory channel.
From Memory: enable memory tuning. Display shows "M TUNE";
ALT Function from memory mode only: toggle scan skip of
currently selected memory channel.

F/M/D; Enable ALT function of following pressed key ("F"
displayed); Cancel ALT function (while "F" is still

#; From VFO: select VFO "A" or "b". From Memory: select last-used
VFO; ALT function - Activate Priority monitoring

CALL; Jump to CALL channel; Toggle DTMF autodial memory mode (icon
of telephone displayed).

MSG; Enables Paging Message programming; Activates the Message
receive system, when activated from within DTMF Paging or
Trigger Paging Mode

MHZ UP/A and MHZ DOWN/B; Tune up/down a step or memory, press and
hold to start scanning (band or channel); Tune up/down in 1
MHz steps

VOL UP/VOL DOWN; Display/select preset volume level; Display/select
preset squelch level.

PAGE/C; Toggle Paging/Trigger Paging/Code Squelch and CTCSS Bell
Functions; Display/select DTMF Code memories.

Page 11

Batteries & Chargers

The FT-11R requires the FNB-38 9.6-volt rechargeable Ni-Cd
battery pack for the full 5-watt transmitter power output. However,
where slightly lower maximum power output is practical, the
7.2-volt FNB-35 (providing 4 watts) and the 4.8-volt FNB-31 and
FNB-33 Ni-Cd packs (1.5 watts) offer smaller size, lighter weight
or extended battery charge life. Also, when using the PA-10 Mobile
Power Adapter, the Ni-Cd packs may be recharged whenever the radio
is inserted into the adapter. Any Ni-Cd pack should be fully
charged before it is used with the transceiver for the first time.

Three types of battery chargers are available: 15-hour
compact chargers, the NC-50 Rapid Charger (used with CA-10 Charge
Adapter) and the internal charging circuit provided by the PA-10
Mobile Power Adapter and an external DC voltage source.

Different 15-hour compact chargers are required for different

FNB-31/-33: 4.8 VDC, 600/1200 mAh, charger NC-55B
FNB-35: 7.2 VDC, 900 mAh, charger NC-34B
FNB-38: 9.6 VDC, 600 mAh, charger NC-38B

Ensure you use the correct charger for each pack. Each compact
charger is available with a "B" suffix for operation from 117-V AC,
or with a "C" suffix for operation from 220 234-V AC.

NC-50 Desktop Rapid Charger

The NC-50 is a universal AC mains battery charger with rapid
and trickle charging modes for all FNB series Ni-Cd packs listed
above. It requires the CA-10 Charge Adapter, which comes wired for
the mains voltage in the area sold.

The rapid mode is automatically selected initially, to bring
the battery pack up to full charge as fast as safely possible using
a delta-V sensor. A red LED lights during quick charging, and when
the pack approaches full charge, the charger reverts to trickle
mode (green LED), to prevent self-discharge. The rapid mode
recharges a battery in about 1 hour.

Page 12

PA-10 Mobile Power Adapter

The PA-10 charger/power adapter provides operating and battery
charging voltage from an automobile electrical system or other DC
source. Designed for the car door or dashboard, it allows
convenient and safe mobile operation. Dual flexible latching arms
facilitate easy insertion and removal of the FT-11R, while
providing a secure transceiver mount for battery charging and
operation in a mobile environment. Use only with 12-volt
negative-ground electrical systems.

The PA-10 provides regulated 11-V DC output for operating the
transceiver and for trickle-charging NiCd batteries when the
transceiver is not in use. When the transceiver is inserted into
the hanger, a LED turns on to indicate charging is taking place,
and the transceiver display automatically illuminates for easy
night-time viewing (unless the feature is disabled).

In addition, placing the transceiver in the PA-10 cradle
automatically activates an internal fan cooling the rear heatsink
of the radio during extended or high-power transmissions (see the
warning box on page 21).

FBA-14 Dry-Cell Battery Case

The FBA-14 dry-cell battery case may be used with four
"AA"-size (UM-3) batteries. Maximum power output is about 1.5
watts. Use alkaline cells for best performance.

Caution! The FBA-14 must not be used with rechargeable cells.
It lacks the necessary thermal and over-current protection circuits
provided in the FNB series Ni-Cd Packs.

One or more of the above battery packs/cases may be supplied
with the transceiver. If you need a battery, contact your Yaesu
dealer. We do not recommend the use of any other type of battery
with the FT-11R, and using another type may affect your warranty.

Page 13

Battery Removal & Replacement
- Make sure the power is switched off, and remove the protective
soft case, if used.
- Grasp the transceiver horizontally with your left hand, so your
thumb is on the Battery Release Button.
- Move the button in the direction indicated by the arrowhead,
while using your right hand to slide the battery case up slightly
and outward away from the transceiver battery well. The battery
should slide smoothly out of its track.

To open the FBA-14 battery case, place your thumbs on the lugs
on top of the case and gently pry the case apart. Always replace
all four batteries, paying attention to the polarity indicated
inside the case.

** Do not attempt to open any of the rechargeable Ni-Cd packs, and
do not install rechargeable cells in the FBA-14, as they could
explode if accidentally short-circuited.

To replace the battery case or Ni-Cd pack, repeat the second
and third steps above, inserting the battery case in the other
direction after aligning the four locking lugs of the battery case
with the guide channels in the transceiver battery-well sides.

Page 14

MH-12A2B & MH-18A2B Speaker/Microphones

A Speaker/Mic can increase operating convenience and extend
communications range. Each is equipped with a dual plug connector
which mates with the EAR and MIC jacks on the top panel of the
transceiver, disabling the internal speaker and microphone. The
cable lets you clip the transceiver to your belt, or hold it above
obstructions for better performance. Also, using a Speaker/Mic for
mobile operation allows the transceiver to be left in the PA-10
Mobile Power Adapter/Mount.

Hold the Speaker/Mic close to your ear during reception; or
connect an earphone to the plug on the Speaker/Mic, attenuating the
audio from its loudspeaker. To transmit just hold the Speaker/Mic
close to your mouth and close the PTT switch on the microphone.

MH-19A2B Earpiece/Microphone

The MH-19A2B works like the Speaker/Mics described above, but
consists of an earpiece and in-line microphone/PTT switch element.
The earphone is inconspicuous and ideal for monitoring in noisy or
crowded areas, while the microphone has a clip for attaching to a
shirt or jacket collar. Press the PTT switch on the microphone to

VC-22 VOX Headset with Boom Microphone

The VC-22 connects to the EAR and MIC jacks in the same manner
as the speaker/mics. It consists of a headband-supported earphone
and attached boom microphone, allowing hands-free vox operation
with the transceiver.

Antenna Considerations

While the supplied rubber flex antenna is convenient for
short-range operation, the standard BNC jack allows use of a higher
gain antenna to extend range in base or mobile operation. Any
antenna used with the FT-11R should have an impedance close to 50
ohms on the 2-m band. If a feedline is used, it should be good
quality 50-ohm coax. Obtaining a proper fit with some BNC plugs may
require removing the rubber gasket around the antenna jack on the

Page 15


This chapter describes the various transceiver functions
tutorially. After studying these descriptions, keep the FT-11R
Operator's Quick Reference Card handy to refresh your memory.

Preliminary Steps

Before operating the FT-11R the first time:

- Charge the battery pack completely (if using Ni-Cd batteries) as
described on page 11. If using an FBA-14 dry-cell battery case,
install the batteries as described on page 13.

- Connect the supplied antenna to the antenna jack on the top of
the transceiver. Never operate the transceiver without an antenna

- If you have a Speaker/Mic, we suggest you not connect it until
you are familiar with basic operation.

- Before proceeding, please read the Controls & Connectors chapter,
if you have not already, to familiarize yourself with the functions
of the controls. Note especially the display on page 8, and the key
information on pages 9 & 10.

When you press the front panel keys during reception, one or
two beeps sound to indicate key contact. Don't hold the key down
unless you are storing a memory, and try to avoid pressing two keys
at the same time. While transmitting, the keys generate DTMF tones
according to their numeric label or the blue A, B, C, D, *, # label
(near the non-numeric keys).

You need not be too concerned about the following descriptions
of timers - they are much easier to understand (by doing, which we
will get to shortly) than to describe.

***Low Battery-Power Indicator
When the battery voltage drops to 4.0 volts, the Low Battery
indicator begins blinking, indicating the battery pack should be
recharged or batteries replaced. Tx power automatically drops to
0.3 W, and if you continue operating, the transceiver turns itself

Page 16

**Keypad Beeper
You can turn the keypad beeper on and off by pressing F/M/D
then 2, then toggling the F/M/D key ("b" appears in the memory box
window when enabled). If you lock the keypad (as described later)
with the beeper enabled, each key sounds a different musical note
for as long as it is held. Press 2 again to return to normal

A several-second timer starts when you press F/M/D, and
automatically restarts when you turn the selector knob or press or
MHZ UP/A or MHZ DOWN/B. Pressing other keys may shut off the timer
as the resulting change in operation occurs, or restart the timer
so you can select various functions.

The beeper provides useful audible feedback whenever a key is
pressed. Each key has a different pitch, and many functions have
unique beep combinations. For example, you will hear a low-pitched
beep followed by a high-pitched beep when you press MHZ UP/A, or a
high-pitched beep followed by a low-pitched beep when you press MHZ
DOWN/B. You can disable the beeper as described in the box above,
but we recommend keeping it enabled while getting to know the key

With that said, if you have trouble getting the transceiver to
work as described, see "In Case of Problems," on page 55.

Volume Setting

Press either of the VOL UP or VOL DOWN buttons to adjust
receiver volume, which is indicated on the 8-segment vertical LCD
bargraph at the left edge of the display. If there is no signal,
you can temporarily override the squelch by holding the center MONI
button (below the PTT switch), while adjusting the volume on
background noise.

Squelch Setting

Squelch silences background noise when no signal is present on
the channel. You adjust the receiver squelch using the VOL UP/VOL
DOWN buttons after pressing F/M/D (within 3 seconds). While setting
the squelch, "SQL" appears followed by a number (1 to 8) indicating
the squelch level. Also, as with volume, the vertical LCD bargraph
provides a visual reference of the selected level. Below about
level "3", the BUSY/TX LED glows green, indicating the squelch is
open. To set the squelch:

Page 17

- After setting the volume to a comfortable level, if a signal is
present, turn the DIAL to an empty channel (no signal, or only

- Press F/M/D and then VOL UP or VOL DOWN just to the point where
background noise is silenced and the LED is extinguished. (If the
squelch is set to a higher level, sensitivity to weak signals is

Now, whenever a signal reaches the receiver strong enough to
open the squelch, the BUSY/TX indicator glows green.

Note that while receiving, one or more bargraph segments may
appear along the bottom of the display, indicating received signal
strength. This is not affected by the squelch, so even squelched
signals can give some indication. If several bargraph segments
appear while the squelch is closed, try reducing the squelch
setting (if you want to hear weak signals).

In non-European versions, the monitor switch (the center ridge
below the PTT) opens the squelch so you can check for weak signals,
and adjust volume independently.

Frequency Selection Modes

VFO Mode
This mode is for tuning or scanning the band when looking for
a channel on which to operate, when you don't have a specific
frequency in mind. In this mode, the DIAL knob and arrow keys each
tune the band in the selected step size, or in 1-MHz steps, and the
scanning function tunes in the selected step size. The FT-11R has
two independent VFOs, A and B, which you toggle between by pressing
# when receiving on either VFO. The memory box at the upper-left of
the display shows which VFO is currently selected.

Memory Mode
This mode is mainly for operating on specific channels known
in advance (and stored in the memories). For example, after storing
the frequencies of your local repeaters, you can confine operation
to those channels by selecting the memory mode. In this mode, the
DIAL, MHZ UP/A and MHZ DOWN/B keys and scanning function select
sequentially from stored memories. The FT-11R provides up to 146
memories (plus 5 special-purpose memories), each of which can store

Page 18

repeater shift direction, CTCSS settings (if the FTS-26 option is
installed), and separate receive and transmit frequencies.

Each memory has a Memory Tune mode which lets you tune just
like the VFO mode, and store the resulting re-tuned memory into the
same or another memory. This and other special memory mode
functions are described later, but you will want to keep these
terms in mind.

You can tell at a glance which frequency selection mode is
active by looking in the outlined memory box at the upper left
corner of the display. If a small "A" or "b" appears in the box,
you are in the VFO mode. If you see a small number or an "L 1/L 2",
"U 1/ U2" or "C" in the box, you are in the memory mode.

The * key switches from the VFO mode to the last-used memory,
and switches from the memory mode to the last-used VFO. While in
the memory mode, your previous VFO mode selections are preserved.

Frequency & Step Selection

You can select a new frequency from a VFO, or by tuning a
memory. For now, we suggest using the VFO mode. If you see a memory
number in the memory box, press # to switch to VFO mode. You can
enter a new frequency directly by the numeric keys, or by tuning
with the DIAL knob or MHZ UP/A and MHZ DOWN/B keys. See Locking the
Controls on page 32 if the keys or DIAL doesn't work.

Direct Numeric Keypad Entry

To enter a new frequency directly, just press the 10's and
1's-of-MHz digits, and the 100's- and 10's-of-kHz (if your version
receives outside the 140- to 150-MHz range, press the 10's-of-MHz
digit first). When you press the first key, the display clears and
only the new digit appears. When you press the last key, the
display reverts to normal, showing the new operating frequency to
6 digits (if it's valid), or the original frequency (if it was not:
2 beeps sound).

Example: To operate on 146.94 MHz:
- Press 4 (save) then 6 (RPT) then 9 (REV) then 4 (SAVE) and, if a
trailing zero doesn't appear, press 0.

If your set covers the 146- to 147-MHz range, you should now
see "146.940" displayed as your operating frequency. Otherwise, you
should have heard 2 beeps, and the display should be as before (try
an in-band frequency).

Page 19

If your set is using 12.5- or 25-kHz steps, nothing happened
when you pressed 4, since this frequency is not a multiple of these
steps. Just press any other number (except 9/REV) to get the
nearest resulting 12.5-kHz channel. Notice that you can enter
12.5-kHz splinter channels this way, but subsequent tuning is still
in the selected step size, if it is larger.


You can turn the DIAL or press the MHZ UP/A or MHZ DOWN/B keys
to tune in the selected step size. If you press and hold a MHZ UP/A
or MHZ DOWN/B key for continuous tuning, you need to release it and
then press it again momentarily (to stop, and prevent scanning).
One-MHz steps are also available: just press F/M/D before pressing
either of the A or B keys (and hold for repeated stepping), or
press F/M/D and turn the DIAL.

Default channel (tuning) steps are 5 kHz in A versions, and
12.5 kHz in B versions. To select another step size, press F/M/D,
then 7 (STEP), turn the DIAL for the desired steps, then press the
PTT to return to normal operation.


Press F/M/D then 3 (LOW), once or twice to select low power
output (see box on following page), and "LOW" (followed by a level
selection number) appears in place of the frequency, with "LOW"
also displayed above and to the left.

To transmit, wait until the channel is clear (BUSY/TX LED
off), then press and hold the PTT while speaking into the
microphone (near the center of the front panel). During
transmission the BUSY/TX indicator glows red, and the horizontal
bargraph meter shows relative transmitter power output. Release the
PTT to receive.

If you need more power to maintain communications, you can
select another power setting as described in the box. However, we
recommend using the lowest power level necessary to maintain
communication to both maximize battery life and minimize possible
interference to other stations.

If using a European version, press the center ridge of the
rubber pad on the left side (just below the PTT switch) to transmit
a 1750-Hz Burst Tone to access repeaters that require it.

Page 20

Transmitter Power Selection
To toggle between high and low power settings, press F/M/D
then 3 (LOW), and 3 again ("HIGH" or "LOW" on display). With "LOW"
displayed, you can select one of three low power settings (LOW 1,
LOW2 or LOW3) by rotating the DIAL or using the MHZ UP/A or MHZ
DOWN/B keys to select the desired power level (refer to the table
below). The horizontal bargraph segments at the bottom of the
display provide a visual reference of each power level setting both
now and during transmit. Press the PTT or wait 3 seconds to save
your selection and return to the frequency display.

Table showing display and power levels at 3 battery levels: @4.8
VDC, @7.2 VDC, and @9.6 VDC:
LOW 1: 0.3 watts 450 mA for all 3 battery levels
LOW 2: 1.5 watts 950 mA; 1.5 watts 800 mA; 1.5 watts 800 mA
LOW 3: 1.5 watts 950 mA; 3 watts 1200 mA; 3 watts 1000 mA
HIGH: 1.5 watts 950 mA; 4 watts 1300 mA; 5 watts 1500 mA
* all power output and DC current values listed are approximate

Repeater Splits
The FT-11R offers three methods to set up split
transmit/receive operation for repeaters: manual, automatic and
independently stored Tx/Rx frequencies. Both manual and automatic
methods shift the transmit frequency above or below the receive
frequency by a programmable offset, preset at the factory to 600
kHz. Note that only one offset at a time can be used with the
manual and automatic methods. Use the independent transmit
frequency method when you want to store other offsets, such as
frequencies of repeaters with non-standard splits. This is
described later under Storing Independent Transmit Frequencies.
To activate the standard shift manually, just press F/M/D then
6 (RPT) for minus shift, and press 6 again for plus shift, and
again to return to simplex. A small "-" or "+" sign appears near
the top center of the display to indicate the current shift
direction, when activated.

Example: To operate through a 146.34/146.94 MHz repeater (or
substitute another pair if this is not used in your area):

- Tune the display to 146.94 MHz (to receive on the output
Page 21

- Press F/M/D then 6 once. A "-" should appear at the top of the
display (if not, press 6 again until it does).

- When the channel is clear, press the PTT and send your callsign.
The display shifts to 146.34 MHz while you transmit.

Of course this example only works if the offset is set to 600
kHz, as supplied from the factory. You can change it as described

With repeater split activated, you can temporarily reverse
transmit and receive frequencies by pressing F/M/D then 9 (REV).
Use this to display the transmit frequency without transmitting,
and to check the strength of signals on a repeater uplink frequency
(to see if you can work them direct). The repeater shift sign
blinks while reverse split is selected. Press F/M/D then 9 again to
return to the normal shift direction.

Setting Standard Repeater Offset

As just mentioned, repeater offset is preset to 600 kHz. If
you need to change the offset, first read the following steps, and
then try them:

- Press F/M/D then 0 (SET), then rotate the DIAL so that "6"
appears in the memory box to display the current offset in MHz, to
three decimal places ("0.600").

- Select the desired offset with the A or B buttons. Resolution is
50 kHz.

- Press the PTT to return to normal display.

You probably want to keep the repeater offset programmed to
the most commonly used split in your area. If you're not sure what
that is, leave it set to 600 kHz.

Avoid transmitting at high power (5W) for extended periods of
time to prevent overheating the radio (especially during 9.6 volt
operation). A sensor in the FT-11R monitors internal temperature
and automatically reduces transmit power to protect your radio if
it gets too hot.
If this occurs, a blinking "LOW" indicator turns on, and the
transceiver automatically switches to low power output. You should
stop transmitting at this time and let the set cool down. Continued
transmission will cause the protective feature to inhibit
transmitting completely until the transceiver has cooled down

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Automatic Repeater Shift

The ARS (Automatic Repeater Shift) feature in the FT-11R
activates repeater offset automatically whenever you tune to the
standard repeater subband. With this feature enabled, a small "-"
or "+" at the upper center of the display indicates that repeater
shift is active (without your having to activate repeater shift
manually), and closing the PTT changes to the (shifted) transmit
frequency. The subband range over which ARS operates is determined
by the version of your set, as shown below.

Automatic Repeater Shift - Repeater Subbands:
Version A: 145.1-145.5: -; 146.0-146.4: +; 146.6-147.0: -;
147.0-147.4: +; 147.6-148.0: -
Version B: 145.6-145.85: -

The ARS function is disabled at the factory. To enable it:
- Press F/M/D then 0 (SET), and rotate the DIAL as before to
display the current repeater shift (offset).
- Now you can press F/M/D (alone) to toggle the ARS function on and
off ("A" displayed to the left of the offset when activated).
- Press the PTT switch to return the display to the operating

As already mentioned, you can use the manual shift method
(F/M/D then 6) at any time to select a new shift state, whether ARS
is activated or not. However, if you change frequency with ARS
activated, manual repeater shift selections are canceled.

Simple Memory Storage

The FT-11R offers 151 programmable memory channels, labeled 1
through 146, L 1, L2, U1, U2 and C. Each can store separate
receive and transmit frequencies or repeater shift, and CTCSS tone
data (if the FTS-26 option is installed). Memory "C" (the CALL
channel memory) can be recalled instantly by the button at the
upper left,

Page 23

and the L & U memories can be used in pairs to store programmable
tuning and scanning limits, described later, in addition to general
purpose operation.

To store a frequency in memory:
- Select the desired frequency (and repeater split manually, if
desired) in the VFO mode as already described.
- Press and hold F/M/D for «-second (until a second beep sounds).
A memory number or letter appears blinking in the memory box.
- Within five seconds of F/M/D, turn the DIAL or press A or B to
select the desired memory for storage. If you select one that was
already being used, it will be overwritten with new data in the
next step.
- Press F/M/D once more momentarily to store the displayed data
into the selected memory. The memory label will stop blinking for
a second, and then disappear as operation continues in the VFO

If you timed out, nothing new will have been stored in the
memory. Simply start again.

Example: Store the 146.34/146.94 repeater data in memory 5.

- First perform the steps in the example on page 18 to set up the
desired frequency and offset on the VFO.
- Press and hold F/M/D for «-second to display the memory label
(blinking) in the memory box, then do the next step within 5
- Turn the DIAL or press the A or B keys, if necessary, so that "5"
(the memory number to store) blinks in the memory box.
- Press F/M/D again, momentarily. That's it. The VFO data has been
stored in memory 5, and you are left operating on the VFO.

To confirm that this worked, turn the DIAL to change the VFO
frequency (to anything new), then press * to change from VFO to
memory mode. The numeral 5 should appear in the memory box, and
146.940 (the receive frequency) should appear on the display. As
mentioned before, you can press F/M/D then 9 (REV) to confirm the
transmit frequency of 146.34 MHz.

You can use any memory (except C, the CALL channel) with the
same result. Memory C requires a slightly different procedure.
Notice that pressing * (MR) from the VFO mode always recalls the
last stored or used memory.

Page 24

Recalling Memories

In confirming the results of the last example, we used * (MR)
to change from the VFO mode to the memories after they were stored.
The memory label appears in the memory box at the upper left corner
of the frequency display whenever operating on a memory.

When more than one memory has been stored, you can select a
memory for operation with either the selector knob, the A and B
keys, or by direct keypad access. If you use the arrow keys (A and
B), press and release the key for each memory: if you hold the key
down for «-second, memory scanning will start. In any case, only
pre-stored memories are displayed: empty memories are skipped. For
direct keypad access, simply enter the number of the memory channel
you want, followed by the * (MR) key.

Example: to access memory channel 15, simply press 1 then 5 then

Note: for memory channels 100-151, you only need to enter the
memory number (* key is not needed).

To exit the memories and return to the last-used VFO, press #

Call Channel Memory

Although invisible to the memory recall methods just
described, the CALL channel memory can be instantly recalled by the
CALL button: "C" appears in the memory box. The factory default
for the CALL channel memory is the bottom edge of the band. You can
re-program it with any frequency and repeater state, or even a
separate transmit frequency.

To store the current VFO frequency/repeater state in the CALL
channel memory, hold F/M/D for «-second to display something in the
memory box, then press CALL. To store a separate transmit frequency
in the CALL channel, after storing the receive frequency, tune the
VFO to the transmit frequency and repeat the above, but this time
holding the PTT switch while you press CALL.

Storing Independent Transmit Frequencies

All memories can store an independent transmit frequency, for
operation on repeaters with non-standard shift. To do this:

- Store the receive frequency using the method already described
under Simple Memory Storage (it doesn't matter if a repeater offset
is active).
Page 25

- Tune to the desired transmit frequency.
- Press and hold F/M/D for «-second to display a label in the
memory box again.
- Press and hold the PTT switch while pressing F/M/D once more
momentarily (this does not key the transmitter).

Whenever you recall a separate transmit frequency memory, "-
+" appear together near the top center of the display. Again, you
can press F/M/D then 9 (REV) to display the transmit frequency, and
the shift symbols will blink. You can also press F/M/D then 6 (RPT)
to cancel repeater shift (temporarily, until you change channels).

After storing a memory with a separate transmit frequency, if
you rewrite the receive frequency in that memory, the separate
transmit frequency is deleted.

Memory Tuning

While receiving on a recalled memory, you can re-tune it and
change other memorized settings (such as repeater shift) by first
pressing * (MR). An "MT" symbol appears under the memory box, and
you can tune in the same ways as described before (including 1-MHz
steps). You can store the new frequency and settings in the
current, or another, memory. Just press and hold F/M/D for
«-second, select the new memory (if desired), and press F/M/D again
momentarily. Operation remains on the (new) memory as the old
memory reverts to its original state.

Once you have re-tuned a memory, if you don't want to save
your changes, just press * to return to the original memory data.

Masking Memories

As already mentioned, storing data into a memory overwrites
previously stored data. However, if you regularly move from one
area to another, you may want to use different memories in
different places or at different times. With the FT-11R, you can
choose to make available different sets of memories without having
to rewrite them from scratch. This is done by masking certain
memories so that they are hidden from operation, and unmasking them
only when desired.

To mask a memory,
- Recall the memory to be masked.

Page 26

- Press and hold F/M/D for «-second (until the memory label
- Press * (MR). The display changes to the next lower (stored)
memory, and the previously selected memory is no longer selectable
manually, or by scanning (described later).

To unmask a hidden memory for operation,
- Recall any memory.
- Press and hold F/M/D for «-second (until the memory label
- With the DIAL knob or UP/A or DOWN/B, select the memory number to
be restored.
- Press * (MR/SKIP) (not F/M/D!).

When you have hidden some memories, be careful not to
overwrite them accidentally. If you do, you will not be able to
recover the previous contents.

Naming Memories

The FT-11R allows you to assign alpha-numeric (A/N) names up
to 6 characters long to the memories, and have those memories
displayed by name rather than frequency. You can use this to
identify channels by the names of friends, locations, ham clubs and
repeater call signs. Memories that have not been named are still
displayed as usual, so you can mix and select the way memories are
displayed. A choice of 48 different characters is available, with
12 special-purpose symbols that can be used to customize your name
tags (see below).

Before using the A/N feature, however, there are a few
important points to know:
- The transceiver must first be put into the A/N Mode before
memories can be named. The programming steps explained later will
not work outside of the A/N mode.
- The number of memories available for storage is reduced from 151
to 76 (1-71, L1 & U1, L2 & U2 and C).
- When switching to the A/N mode, any previous stored memories will
be lost! Therefore, if you plan to use the A/N feature, before
programming many memory channels in the normal mode, we recommend
you "start from scratch" programming your memories from within the
A/N mode.

Alphanumeric Character Set:
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W
X Y Z blank ( ) + - = * / delta mu sigma :

Page 27

To place the FT-11R in the A/N mode, turn the transceiver off,
then press and hold the * and # keys together while turning the
radio on again. The display and indicators appear as before,
however, you will notice that when selecting and storing memories,
only half as many are now available.

Channel Memory Organization
Channels 1-146: Normal Operation - These memories store
frequency/operational settings - can be masked from viewing and
selection, and also tagged to be skipped during scanning.
A/N Operation: All memories can be indexed with a 6-character
name. Memory capacity is reduced by half, (Channels 1-71),
selection and settings remain the same.

L1, L2, U1, U2: Normal Operation - Same as 1-146, but can be used
in pairs to set upper & lower limits for PMS and Memory Tuning.
A/N Operation - Same as 1-71, but can be used in pairs to set upper
& lower limits for PMS and Memory Tuning.

C: Instant-recall CALL ch (normal or A/N operation).

After programming frequency and operating settings into a
memory, you can assign it a name.
- First recall the memory you wish to name.
- Press and hold F/M/D for « second, then release it and press MSG.
At this point the display should appear as below, with the numeral
in the memory box blinking. [picture of display, with 6 spaces for
- Rotate the DIAL. A character immediately appears blinking in the
left-most place of the display. Continue rotating the knob until
the desired letter (number or symbol) for the first place appears.
- Next press CALL, this enters your selection in the first
character's place, and moves to the next place to the right (the
place remains blank until you rotate the DIAL, as before).

Page 28

- Repeat the last two steps to enter characters into the desired
- When finished, press MSG to write the name to the memory.
Operation remains on the memory. If you make a mistake when
entering characters, start over from the beginning.

When naming memories, note that blank spaces can be entered in
place of characters, and names do not have to begin at the first
(left-most) character's place. To leave the A/N mode (and lose all
memorized settings!), perform the power on routine described at the
beginning of this section (- * # and POWER).

Tuning Named Memories

Named memories can be tuned just like unnamed memories (* then
DIAL or A/B). The display automatically reverts to the operating
frequency until memory tuning is cancelled.

To change a named memory back to frequency-display only,
recall the memory, press F/M/D for « second or longer, then press
the MSG button twice. However, this operation erases the A/N name
completely, so it must be entered again.


Before scanning, make sure the squelch is set to silence
background noise. You start scanning by holding A or B for
«-second. If the transceiver is in the VFO or memory tune mode,
band scanning will result. Otherwise, in normal memory mode, only
the memories are scanned.

The scanner pauses when a signal opens the squelch, and the
decimal point in the display blinks. When band scanning, a double
beep sounds each time the scanner reaches the band
edge, unless you have disabled the beeper (F/M/D then 2 then F/M/D
then 2). Scanning resumes according to how you set the scan resume
mode, described in the box on the next page.

You can stop the scanner manually by pressing the PTT switch,
or A / B keys, which will leave operation on the current frequency.
Scanning is also halted by * or #, but operation shifts to the
respective new frequency, in these cases.

Page 29

Memory Skip Scanning

When you have some very active channels stored in memories,
you may wish to skip them when scanning, but still have them
available for manual selection. You can mark a memory to be skipped
by pressing F/M/D then * (MR/SKIP) while receiving on the memory.
"SKIP" appears just beneath the memory box indicating that this
memory will be skipped during scanning (although you can still
recall it manually).

To cancel scan-skip and allow the memory to be scanned, just
repeat the steps used to disable it: select the memory manually,
and press F/M/D then * (MR/SKIP).

Scan Resume Mode Selection

You have a choice of two scan-resume modes: either Pause
mode, in which the scanner pauses for as long as the carrier keeps
the squelch open; or the 5-second mode, in which the scanner pauses
for five seconds and then resumes scanning whether the signal is
still present or not. The 5-second mode is the factory default.

To display the scan-resume mode, press F/M/D then 7 (STEP), a
small "P" or "5" appears in the memory box to indicate the
currently selected mode. Press F/M/D again to toggle the mode, and
the PTT to return to the normal display.

Programmable Subband (PMS) Limits

Besides band and memory scanning, the FT-11R can be set to
tune or scan only between two frequencies of your choice (with the
selected channel steps). The limits are stored in two pairs of
special memories labeled L1 & U1 and L2 & U2:

- Store the lower edge of the desired scanning range in memory L1,
and the upper edge in memory U1 (or L2 & U2).
- With either of the memories recalled, press * (MR/SKIP) to enable
memory tuning ("MT" must be visible below the memory box).

Your tuning and scanning range is now limited to the resulting
subband. If ARS or manual repeater shift is activated, the offset
is applied automatically when you transmit (even if the resulting
transmit frequency is outside the subband limits). Memories L2 & U2
work together the same way.

Page 30

Note: The frequency resolution of subband limits is 100 kHz,
although the channel resolution of the L & U memories is the
selected channel step size. Therefore, the actual limits are the
frequencies stored in these memories rounded down to the nearest
100 kHz. Since the memories themselves are not limited to a
specific frequency, you can still use them for other purposes
anywhere within the 100-kHz range above the intended limit.

Example: To limit reception to 145.0-145.9 MHz:

- Tune a VFO to any channel between 145.000 and 145.095 MHz.
- Hold F/M/D for «-second, tune the DIAL so that the desired PMS
memory channel (let's use L1 in this example) appears in the memory
box, and then press F/M/D again momentarily. The displayed
frequency is now stored to provide a lower subband limit of 145.000
- Re-tune the VFO to any channel between 145.900 and 145.995 MHz.
- Repeat the second step, selecting U1 in the memory box. This
stores the effective upper PMS limit of 145.900 MHz.
- Press * (MR/SKIP) to change to memory operation, and then * again
to activate the 145.000-145.900 limits. Tuning and scanning are
accomplished in the usual way.

Note that with PMS, as with regular band scanning, a double
beep sounds each time the scanner reaches the subband edge, unless
you have disabled the beeper (page 16).

To release subband limits press * (MR/SKIP) to return to
memory operation, # (VFO/PRI) to return to a VFO, or CALL to switch
to the CALL channel.

Once the L & U memory pairs are stored, you can reactivate PMS
scanning and tuning just by recalling any PMS memory and pressing
* again. However, you cannot activate the subband if one memory of
either PMS memory-pair is marked for skip-scanning, or masked

Priority Channel Monitoring

The priority function automatically checks for activity on a
memory every five seconds while operating on a VFO or other
memories. When the receiver detects a signal on the priority
memory, operation automatically shifts to that memory while the
signal is present (plus a few seconds). If you transmit while
paused on the priority memory, priority monitoring ceases and
operation stays on the priority memory.

Page 31

To set up priority monitoring:

- Pre-set the squelch, and store the frequency to be monitored in
a memory (this must be memory 1 if you will be operating on other
memories during priority monitoring).

- Press # (VFO/PRI) to operate in the VFO mode, or else select the
memory you want to operate on, and then press F/M/D then #.

A "P" appears in the memory box, and about every five seconds
the displayed frequency shifts to the priority memory briefly while
the receiver checks for a signal.

As long as no signal appears on the priority memory to open
the squelch, you can tune, transmit and receive on the VFO, or
select other memories (memory labels are displayed only while
changing). If you hear a station you wish to talk with on the
priority memory, press the PTT momentarily while receiving their
signal, to stop priority checking. Otherwise, when a signal appears
on the priority memory, priority checking pauses and the decimal on
the display blinks. Priority monitoring will resume according to
how you set the scan-resume mode either after a 5-second pause, or
after the carrier drops. To cancel priority monitoring manually,
press # (VFO/PRI).

Note that you can use any memory (besides memory 1) as a
priority channel in the above procedure when you are going to be
operating in VFO mode. You cannot, however, switch VFOs, or between
memory and VFO operation (because pressing * (MR/SKIP) or #
(VFO/PRI) cancels priority monitoring).

Memory-Only Mode

You can use this feature when you need very simple operation:
only stored memories can be selected, and are displayed as "CH. 1,
2,...", instead of the channel frequency or name display.
Indicators for settings like repeater shift and tone squelch are
still displayed, although they cannot be changed. In fact, the
alternate functions of all numbered keys are disabled. Only the
settings listed below can be changed as described.
- Hi/Low TX Power: use CALL to toggle
- Volume & squelch: same as before
- Channel Selection: DIAL or A/Up, B/Down keys
- Paging Messages: use MSG key to activate

Page 32

After programming memories, you can toggle memory-only
operation on and off by turning the radio off, then holding the *
(MR/SKIP) & F/M/D buttons while powering on again.

Locking the Controls

The PTT, keypad buttons, DIAL and volume level can each be
"locked" (disabled), to prevent inadvertent transmissions or
adjustments. You will find PL, KL, DL or possibly VL displayed
singly, or in combination at the bottom center when any of these
are locked. The locking switch is located just above the VOL/SQL
up/down keys, and is labeled "LOCK". Slide the lever upward to lock
and downward to unlock.

To set the locking scheme, press F/M/D then 0 (SET), then
rotate the DIAL to select address "5" (displayed in the memory box)
and so that "LOCK" appears in the display center. To select which
functions to lock, press A/UP repeatedly for PTT lock (PL), key
lock (KL) or both; or press B/DOWN for DIAL (DL), volume level (VL)
or both. Finally, press the PTT momentarily to save your new
setting and return the display to normal.

Lamp Illumination Settings

Pressing the LAMP switch beneath the rubber cover (underneath
the PTT switch) momentarily illuminates the LCD and keypad for
approximately 5 seconds, after which it turns off automatically.
If you want to change this to continuous (press-on/press-off)
illumination, simply press F/M/D before toggling the LAMP switch.

When inserting the FT-11R into the PA-10 Mobile Power Adapter,
the lamp turns on automatically, illuminating the transceiver for
easy viewing when driving at night.

This factory default setting can be changed to manual
illumination by pressing F/M/D then 0, rotating the DIAL for
address "3" ("LMP.AUT"), then pressing either A/UP or B/DOWN to
toggle from automatic to manual illumination ("LMP.MAN"). Press the
PTT to save the change.

Page 33

CTCSS Operation (with FTS-26)

The FT-11R can be used to access repeaters that require a
CTCSS (continuous, subaudible) tone, and to silently monitor for
calls on busy channels, when the optional FTS-26 CTCSS Unit is
installed. The encode ("T") function superimposes a subaudible tone
(at a frequency too low to be heard) on the transmitted carrier.
The decode ("TSQ"--tone squelch) function monitors receiver audio
through a narrow filter at the same subaudible frequency, keeping
the squelch closed until you receive a matching tone. Installation
instructions are at the end of the manual.

To check or set the current CTCSS tone frequency, press F/M/D
then 2 (TSET) to see the tone frequency displayed in Hz. To change
the selected tone, turn the DIAL or press A/UP or B/DOWN until the
display shows the tone frequency you require (the display steps
through the standard EIA tones, listed in the table at the right).
Press 2 again alone to return to the operating frequency display.

To activate CTCSS functions, press F/M/D then 1 (TONE) when
the operating frequency is displayed. With one press, "T" (encode)
appears at the top of the display and the tone generator is
activated for transmission. Press F/M/D then 1 again (or just 1 if
the alternate key functions are still active) and both "T" and "SQ"
(decode) will be displayed together as the tone squelch system is
activated for both transmit and receive (only incoming signals
"encoded" with the matching tone open the squelch). To turn off the
tone squelch features, press F/M/D then 1 once more.

You can store CTCSS tones (and encode/decode states) in each
memory in the same manner (and at the same time) as storing channel
frequencies. To change the tone or state stored in a memory, just
recall it, reset the tone frequency or function, and store the
memory again
(press and hold F/M/D for «-second, release it, and press it again
momentarily). If you activate CTCSS on a subband limit memory, it
will be active when that memory is used to start subband operation.

CTCSS Tone Frequencies (Hz)
67.0; 69.3; 71.9; 77.0; 79.7; 82.5; 85.4; 88.5; 91.5; 94.8;
97.4; 100.0; 103.5; 107.2; 110.9; 114.8; 118.8; 123.0; 127.3;
131.8; 136.5; 141.3; 146.2; 151.4; 156.7; 162.2; 167.9; 173.8;
179.9; 186.2; 192.8; 203.5; 210.7; 218.1; 225.7; 233.6; 241.8;

Page 34

"CTCSS Bell" Paging

CTCSS Bell operation is an extension of the CTCSS
encode/decode function described above: incoming subaudible tones
open the squelch. However, it adds two features to make this
semi-private operation more convenient:

(1) The CTCSS Bell mode displays [an icon of a ringing bell] at the
right of the display. When you receive a matching CTCSS tone this
bell blinks for a few moments to indicate you received a call. So,
by looking at the display you can tell if a call came in. You
cannot tell, however, who called. That requires DTMF Paging,
described later.

(2) If you are waiting for a call, it is sometimes convenient to
have the transceiver ring to get your attention. The alert ringer
can be set to ring once, several times or can be disabled
completely (see page 49).

To activate the CTCSS Bell:

- Tune to the desired frequency.
- Select a CTCSS tone frequency (F/M/D then 2) as described on the
previous page, if you have not already.
- Activate tone squelch encode / decode operation ("T SQ") as
described above.
- Press C (PAGE/CODE) three times to select the CTCSS Bell mode.
This cycles through the following paging mode/displays:

- DTMF paging ("PAGE" displayed below the center of the display,
and an icon of an expanding sound wave near the upper right if the
ringer is enabled),
- DTMF "Trigger" Pager ("T.PAGE" displayed, along with the sound
wave icon near the upper right, as above.
- DTMF tone-coded squelch ("CODE" displayed at the center),
- CTCSS Bell paging (bell icon displayed if the FTS-26 is
installed, and sound wave icon near the upper right if the ringer
is enabled), and
- No paging (none of the above symbols).

Now all incoming calls without a matching CTCSS tone will be
ignored by your receiver. Any call received with the matching
CTCSS tone will cause the bell icon to blink for 5 seconds and the
transceiver to ring (if the ringer is enabled) as the squelch opens
while the caller transmits. Note that other stations do not need to
be using the CTCSS Bell function to call you: they can use normal
CTCSS functions of their transceiver.

Page 35

When you reply to a CTCSS Bell call, you may want to turn off
the CTCSS Bell function, since otherwise the transceiver will ring
every time your squelch opens (unless, of course, you have disabled
the ringer). Just press C (PAGE/CODE) once to turn it off. If you
have set up normal tone squelch operation beforehand, you will be
able to continue your QSO.

You cannot store the CTCSS Bell mode selection in a memory,
although you can store different CTCSS tones and encode/decode

DTMF Paging & Code Squelch

The FT-11R includes a DTMF (Dual-Tone, Multi-Frequency) tone
encoder/decoder and a dedicated microprocessor providing paging and
selective calling features. This allows you to place a call to a
specific station or group, and to receive calls directed only to
you or to groups of your choice.

The paging and code squelch systems use 3-digit numeric codes
(000-999), transmitted as DTMF (dual, audible) tone pairs. There
are twelve Code Memories numbered 1-9, 0, P and C, which store
3-digit DTMF paging codes (these are independent and unrelated to
the channel memories and the VFOs).

Basically, your receiver remains silent until it receives
three DTMF digits that match those stored in one of its code
memories. The squelch then opens so the caller is heard, and in the
paging mode, the paging ringer immediately sounds (see page 49).
When you close the PTT to transmit, the same three pre-stored DTMF
code digits are transmitted automatically. In the paging mode,
three more DTMF digits are sent, representing the 3-digit
identification code of the transmitting station.

Like the CTCSS Bell system described previously, the DTMF
paging and code squelch systems are selected by pressing C
(PAGE/CODE). Either "PAGE", "T.PAGE" or "CODE" appears on the
display when DTMF paging, trigger paging or code squelch is
activated, respectively. The following descriptions begin with an
overview of the various DTMF selective calling features, followed
by details of actual operation.

Page 36

DTMF Code Squelch

The code squelch mode is very simple: both you and the other
station communicate using the same 3-digit DTMF sequence, sent
automatically at the start of every transmission. Your receiver
normally remains silent to all signals that are not prefixed by
your selected 3-digit code. When you receive the matching tone
sequence, your squelch opens and stays open until a few seconds
after the end of their transmission.

In the code squelch mode, you must first store and then
manually select the one Code Memory holding the 3-digit DTMF code
required to open your squelch (as described on the following
pages). Also, in the code squelch mode, Code Memories 1-9 and 0
always function the same--the distinctions and special settings
described below for the paging mode do not apply.

DTMF Paging

In the DTMF paging mode, you can receive signals that are
prefixed with any of up to ten different 3-digit codes, according
to the method you choose when programming the Code Memories. When
you receive a paging call, the selected Code Memory changes
automatically, and the display responds in one of two ways,
depending on how you stored the paging code:

Individual Codes

These are unique personal ID codes to identify each station.
You store one of these for your Personal ID, in Code Memory P. You
can store one other Individual Code of a station you call often, in
Code Memory 1. When someone else transmits your Individual Code,
your transceiver automatically selects Code Memory C, and the
calling station's Individual Code is installed in that Code Memory
so you can see who called.

DTMF Code Memories
[table listing channel, and 3-digit DTMF Codes]
1; individual ID code of friend or frequently-called station stored
2-9; Group ID codes stored here
0; Your Group ID code stored here
C*; Automatically shows ID code of paging station--Rx only, cannot
be written to
P*; Your personal ID code goes here

*memory cannot be selected for page-code inhibit

Page 37

Group Codes (Code Memories 2-9)

This type of code identifies a group of stations. You would
generally share a Group Code with other club members or friends.
When you receive a call with a Group Code the Code Memory number in
which you stored that 3-digit Group Code is selected and displayed
automatically, so you can see which group has been called (if you
have stored more than one).

Note that for a Group Code, the display does not show the ID
and code of the caller, but those of the group instead. Code
Memories 2-9 can be used to store either Individual Codes (for
calling purposes only) or Group Codes (for both calling and
receiving), as you desire.

With either type of page, the PAGE indicator starts blinking
when a page is received, and the ringer sounds, if enabled. The
blinking indicator lets you know if someone called while your
attention was elsewhere.

Remember, with code squelch operation (but not with paging),
you can only receive a call on the currently selected Code Memory,
and the display does not change when a call is received. So for
code squelch, as mentioned before, the Individual/Group distinction
does not apply (although you must still store the 3-digit Code

In either code squelch or paging modes, any DTMF-equipped
station can call you. They can use a DTMF keypad to send the three
digits if you are in code squelch mode, or seven digits
(actually, three digits--"star"--three digits, e.g.: 1 2 3 * 4 5 6)
if you are in paging mode.

DTMF Code Monitoring

Whenever a 3-digit DTMF code is received while either code
squelch or DTMF paging is active, the code is automatically written
into Code Memory C. By selecting this Code Memory as described
below, you can determine what DTMF code was last heard, whether or
not it opened your squelch.

Storing Code Memories

The first thing to do before using the paging or code squelch
systems is to store your Personal Code in Code Memory P:
- Press F/M/D then C (PAGE/CODE) to enable the Code setting mode.
The frequency display is replaced by a Code Memory number at the
left, and the corresponding 3-digit Code ("000", if not used
before) at the right.

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- Turn the DIAL to select Code Memory P, which is for your personal
DTMF paging ID Code.
- Use the numeric keys to enter the three digits you want to use
for your ID.
- Press C (PAGE/CODE) or the PTT to return the display to the
operating frequency.

Your Personal ID Code is now stored in Code Memory P. You can
use the same procedure to store the Memory Codes of other
individuals or groups in Code Memories 1-9 and 0, but with an
additional feature: generally you store another station's ID Code
so you can page them, but do not want to have your transceiver
ringing every time someone else calls them. On the other hand, you
store group codes with the intention of receiving any pages to the
group (so you want your squelch to open and the transceiver to
ring, if paging). You can prevent your transceiver from ringing
using Page Code Inhibit, described next.

Page Code Inhibit

During the Code Memory storage procedure above, when storing
Code Memories 1-9 and 0, you have an opportunity to decide whether
your transceiver should respond to incoming paging calls on a
particular Memory Code. After pressing F/M/D then C (PAGE/CODE) to
activate Code setting you can press F/M/D to toggle DTMF squelch
paging capability on and off. When on, that is, when the decoder is
enabled to receive paging calls with this Code Memory, a small
underbar appears beneath the Code Memory digit.

If you are setting a Group Code, you want to have the underbar
on, and if setting another station's Individual Code, you want it
off. As already mentioned, this distinction does not apply to
code-squelch-only (non-paging) operation--the underbar has no

Note that the underbar is displayed permanently on Code Memory
P, since this is your own ID (that you will always want to receive
when paging is activated). Also, the underbar never appears on Code
Memory C, since this is reserved for the display of incoming codes.

Once you have stored your own ID Code in Code Memory P, you
can activate the paging or code squelch functions from the normal
frequency display by pressing C (PAGE/CODE). As mentioned earlier
in the CTCSS Bell procedure, repeatedly pressing this key cycles
through DTMF paging ("PAGE" displayed), trigger paging ("T.PAGE"),
code squelch ("CODE"), CTCSS Bell paging (bell icon displayed), and
no paging (none of these symbols).

Page 39

DTMF Code Squelch Operation

As described earlier, with DTMF code squelch activated ("CODE"
displayed), your squelch will not open until you receive the proper
3-digit DTMF code according to the selected code memory. Likewise,
each time you press the PTT, the same 3-digit code is automatically
sent to open the other station's DTMF coded squelch.

Replying to a DTMF Page, and Resetting

Any DTMF-equipped station can call you by sending your 3-digit
code, followed by their 3-digit ID Code. Your transceiver will ring
(unless you have turned off the ringer, as described in the box on
page 49), "PAGE" starts blinking, and the code of the calling
station (now in code memory C) is displayed.

If you press your PTT switch after receiving a page, the
transceiver sends the other station's ID code, a DTMF "star" (*)
followed by your own 3-digit personal ID code (that is, Code Memory
P) all automatically, and then resets the radio to receive another

DTMF Code Display Options

Normally, the Code Memory number is displayed in place of the
100's-of'MHz frequency digit whenever DTMF Code Squelch, DTMF
Paging, or Trigger Paging is enabled (the rest of the frequency
digits remain as before).

Also the A/UP and B/DOWN keys rapidly select Code Memories,
instead of tuning or scanning (DIAL operation remains unchanged).

If you want to scan while in these modes, you may prefer to
enable the alternate Code Memory display feature, which displays
DTMF Codes only after pressing F/M/D then C (PAGE/CODE), or
receiving a page.

To toggle this alternate Code Memory display option on/off,
press F/M/D then 0 (SET), rotate the DIAL knob so that "4" appears
in the memory box and "OP.ON" appears in the display center. Then
press either A/UP or B/DOWN to toggle the optional Code Display
"ON" or "OFF", and press the PTT to return to the normal display.

Page 40

Unless you are using the Trigger Paging function (covered
next), you may want to switch from paging to code squelch mode once
contact is established. Just press C (PAGE/CODE) once, so that
"CODE" appears. Either you or the other station will also have to
select Code Memory C, so that you will both be using the same DTMF
code (either, but not both, must re-select their Code Memory). With
the Code Squelch activated in this manner, you will hear three DTMF
code digits transmitted when you press your PTT switch. These are
the digits stored in the Code Memory currently selected (and
displayed in place of the 100's-of-MHz digit if the Code Memory
Display option is enabled), and they will open the squelch of the
other station. Therefore, at the start of each transmission, you
must wait a second or two after pressing the PTT switch for the
DTMF code to be sent (you will hear it in your speaker).

When you finish your conversation, if you need to reactivate
DTMF Code Paging, press C (PAGE/CODE) three times until "PAGE" is

Paging Tx Delay

When calling other stations using DTMF Paging or Code Squelch,
particularly through repeaters, you may find that some are unable
to receive your calls. This can be caused by their receiver
squelch not opening fast enough (after receiving your transmitted
carrier) to allow all of the DTMF digits to be received and
decoded. To correct this problem, you can set a longer delay (750
ms) between the time your transmitter is keyed and the time the
first DTMF digit is sent.

Press F/M/D then 0 (SET), then rotate the DIAL to select
"PDL.450" ("1" in the memory box). Press A/UP or B/DOWN to toggle
from the default delay (450 ms) to "750" ms.

Trigger Paging

This feature is designed to overcome the in convenience of
having to manually switch to and from Code Squelch mode when
responding to a page. It can only be used between transceivers
equipped with this feature: such as the Yaesu FT-11R/41R, FT-530
and FT-2200/7200.

To activate Trigger Paging, press C (PAGE/CODE) repeatedly
until "T.PAGE" is displayed. When a call is received, "TPAGE"
blinks, and the alert ringer

Page 41

sounds. If the other station is also using the Trigger Paging,
communications can begin just by acknowledging the page: press the
PTT and begin talking within three seconds after the DTMF code
sequence is sent. The pager resets to receive a new call as soon as
either station fails to respond to the other within three seconds.

Paging "Answer Back"

When you press the PTT to respond to a page call, the FT-11R
transmits the caller's ID code, followed by a DTMF "*" and your
personal ID code. This informs the calling station that their page
was received. If you prefer, you can have the FT-11R respond to
page calls automatically ("transpond"). Use this feature in
combination with Trigger Paging for virtually "hands-free"
automatic paging operation (a received page is automatically
answered and the squelch opened for immediate voice communication).

- To enable this feature, press F/M/D then 0 (SET), rotate the DIAL
until "8" appears in the memory box and "AB.OFF" (factory-default)
in the center of the display.
- Press A/UP or B/DOWN to toggle the answer-back function on
("AB.ON"), and the PTT to return to the channel display.

Message Paging

This feature allows you to send and receive text messages up
to six characters long. Two separate 10-channel memory banks are
used for message storage: one for received messages and the other
for outgoing messages programmed using the FT-11R's alphanumeric
48-character set.

Storing Messages to Send

- Press and hold the MSG button for « second so that the display
appears as below ("MSG" indicator blinks at the bottom of the
- Rotate the DIAL knob to select a message memory to program
(number indicated in the memory box), then hold F/M/D for « second
(now both "MSG" and the memory box numeral blink).
- Rotate the DIAL to select the first character of the message and
press CALL to save the entry and move to the next place.

Page 42

- Repeat the previous step until your message is completed. If you
make a mistake entering a character, finish the rest of the
message, then press the CALL button to step to the incorrect
character, and enter the correction.
- When your desired message is displayed, press MSG to save this
entry. You can now use the DIAL to select another memory for
message entry, or press MSG once more to finish.

Sending Pre-stored Pager Messages

Once a message has been stored, it can be sent using DTMF
Paging or Trigger Paging:
- Press C (PAGE/CODE) until the desired paging mode (Paging or
Trigger Paging) is activated, and select the Code memory of the
station that is to receive the message.
- Press and hold the PTT while also pressing MSG, followed by the
number of the memory containing the message you want to send. The
text of your message is displayed as it is sent.

FT-11R Alphanumeric Character Set [a table showing how to generate
each character of the set, using combinations of keys]
0-9; press appropriate touchtone key
A; 2 then A/UP
B; 2 then B/DOWN
C; 2 then C (PAGE/CODE)
D; 3 then A
E; 3 then B
F; 3 then C
G; 4 then A
H; 4 then B
I; 4 then C
J; 5 then A
K; 5 then B
L; 5 then C
M; 6 then A
N; 6 then B
O; 6 then C
P; 7 then A
Q; 1 then A
R; 7 then B
S; 7 then C
T; 8 then A
U; 8 then B
V; 8 then C
W; 9 then A
X; 9 then B
Y; 9 then C
Z; 1 then B
(; 0 then A
); 0 then B
+; 0 then C
SPACE; 1 then C
-; 1 then D
=; 2 then D
*; 3 then D
/; 4 then D
delta; 5 then D
mu; 6 then D
sigma; 7 then D
:; 8 then D
note: 0 then D, and 9 then D, are not applicable.

Page 43

Sending Pager Messages Manually

If you do not have a particular message in memory (or the time
to store it), you can send it manually by using button
combinations. Message format consists of a DTMF "#" followed by up
to six message characters, ending with an additional "#". When
sending a pre-stored message, the "#"s are automatically inserted
by the FT-11R's CPU. When sending messages manually, however,
remember to include these.

Unlike DTMF numerals, which are entered with a single key,
letters of the alphabet and other symbols each require a two-button
key sequence. For example, generating the letter "P" requires
manually entering 7 then A. So as you can see, sending messages
manually takes a little practice and limber fingers. The table on
the previous page shows the key sequences required to generate each

- Press C (PAGE/CODE) until the desired paging mode (Paging or
Trigger Paging) is activated, and select the Code memory of the
station that is to receive the message.
- Press and hold the PTT during all of the following: wait a few
seconds for the paging ID codes to be sent, then press #, followed
by your message, then "#" again before releasing the PTT.

Receiving a Pager Message

To receive a message, your FT-11R must have either Paging or
Trigger Paging activated along with the message function. Press
F/M/D then MSG to activate the message function ("MSG" displayed).
After receiving paging ID codes, the message is displayed and
automatically stored in an incoming message bank (separate from the
outgoing-message bank). Up to ten messages are sequentially stored
in the receive message bank channels 1-9 and 0, in the order

Likewise, messages subsequently received overwrite these on a
first-in, first-out order, unless you have "single storage"
selected (see the box on the next page).

To recall received messages from the memories, simply press
the MSG button, then rotate the DIAL to select (and view) the
desired memory.

To erase all pager messages, turn the transceiver off, then
press and hold the MSG button while turning the power on again.

Page 44

Message Bank Storage Mode

Received Paging messages normally overwrite the message
memories once the ten memories are full. If you want to keep them
from being overwritten, you can change the message storing mode:

- Press F/M/D then 0 (SET), then select address "9", so that
"MB.CNT" (the "continuous" default) is displayed.
- Use A/UP or B/DOWN to toggle between continuous or single message
storage ("MB.SIN").
- Press the PTT to save the change and finish.

Received messages are displayed as before, but now only the
first ten will be stored in the message bank.

Message Display Options

Incoming Pager messages normally appear on the display as they
are received. To have the display remain unchanged, so messages
can only be recalled and displayed manually, change this default
setting as follows:

- Press F/M/D then 0 (SET), turn the DIAL until address "7", and
"MD.AUT" (default) appears in the display.
- Use A/UP or B/DOWN to toggle between automatic and manual
("MD.MAN") message display.
- Press the PTT to save the change and return the display to

Now, when a message is received, you can manually view it by
pressing MSG, then turning the DIAL to select the desired memory.

Page 45

DTMF Auto-dial Memories

The FT-11R provides ten memories, numbered 0 through 9, for
storing DTMF tone sequences of up to 15 digits each (see below).
These can be used for remote DTMF control sequences or telephone
numbers for auto-patching systems.

A special mode must be activated to use the DTMF auto-dial
memory features. This mode is toggled on and off by pressing F/M/D
then CALL. A telephone icon is displayed above the rightmost
frequency digit when this mode is active.

To store a DTMF memory:

- Press F/M/D then CALL, if necessary, to display the telephone
- Press and hold F/M/D for «-second (until the second beep sounds),
then within 5 seconds, press a numbered key corresponding to the
DTMF auto-dial memory number you want to store (or use the DIAL or
A/B keys). The display will resemble that shown below.

DTMF Auto-dial Memories
[a useless table, which really shows that you can have memories
0-9, and each can have up to 15 DTMF Digit Codes]

Auto-dial Memory Display
[picture of display showing where DTMF Memory number, and DTMF Code
stored in that memory, are displayed on screen.]

- Press and hold F/M/D again for «-second (telephone icon begins to
blink), and then key in the numbers of the DTMF sequence you want
to store. As you do so, the serial digit place at the left side of
the display increments automatically as the entered digit is
displayed at the right.

Note: when entering new DTMF codes, the serial digit number on the
display will be that of the next digit to be stored - not the
serial number of the digit displayed at the right!

If you make a mistake, press the PTT switch to cancel your
entries, and repeat the last step (all digits must be re-entered).
Remember: the telephone icon must be blinking before you can enter

Page 46

- If you are storing fewer than 15 digits, press CALL to terminate
entry (if you are storing 15 digits, entry terminates automatically
after the last digit).
- Turn the DIAL to select another DTMF memory to store, if desired,
and repeat the last two steps.
- Press CALL to return to the frequency display.

Auto-dialer Playback

You can manually check the contents of DTMF auto-dial memories
while the telephone icon is displayed:

- Hold F/M/D for «-second, then press any numbered key (to change
the display to auto-dial memories).
- Turn the DIAL to select the desired auto-dial memory number
(shown in the memory box), then use the A / B keys to display each
digit. The serial place of the digit appears in the center of the
display, and its DTMF code at the right.
- To replay the stored codes in the loudspeaker and on the display,
simply press the numbered key corresponding to the DTMF auto-dial
memory number stored.

To play back DTMF auto-dial memories on the air, first make
sure the DTMF memory mode is activated (the telephone icon is
displayed). Then close the PTT switch and simply press the number
of the auto-dial memory to transmit. Once the DTMF sequence has
begun, you may release the PTT (the transmitter stays keyed until
the auto-dial string has been sent).

With the DTMF auto-dialer active, the keypad cannot be used to
transmit individual DTMF codes. If you do not have the required
DTMF sequence stored in memory, turn the auto-dial mode off by
pressing F/M/D then CALL (the telephone icon turns off), then
manually press the keypad buttons for the desired DTMF codes.

Page 47

Naming DTMF Auto-dial Memories

The FT-11R lets you assign a name (up to 6 characters) to each
DTMF auto-dial memory, to be displayed when the memory is recalled.
This can help you to identify whose numbers you have stored. The
same A/N character set and procedure used for naming regular memory
channels (page 26) is used for auto-dial memory naming.

- Activate the DTMF Autodial mode by pressing F/M/D then CALL (if
necessary, to display the telephone icon).
- Press and hold F/M/D for «-second (until the second beep sounds).
Then press the numbered key corresponding to the desired DTMF
memory to be named.
- Press F/M/D then CALL to enter the A/N mode, then hold F/M/D for
«-second. The number in the memory box starts blinking, and you can
enter the A/N name (as shown below).
- Use the DIAL to select characters and the CALL button to move
places. When finished with the last character, press MSG to finish.
- When displaying DTMF auto-dial memories, the A/N mode can be
toggled on/off by pressing F/M/D then CALL.

[graphic of what display then looks like]

Page 48

Customizations: the Setting Mode

Pressing F/M/D then 0 (SET) activates the setting mode, which
allows you to customize the performance of some functions to your
taste. In this mode, the Memory Box shows the "address" of the
selected function, from 1 to 13, and the frequency display is
replaced with symbols to indicate the current function and its
state. The functions are summarized in the table at the right, and
described in more detail in the text at the indicated page. Rotate
the DIAL to step through each of the 13 functions, and press A/UP
or B/DOWN to change the state of the displayed function.

To exit the setting mode, press the PTT switch (no
transmission will occur). The display returns to normal.

[table showing Address, what shows on the Display, the Function,
and the Page of this manual that describes it in more detail]

1; PDL.450* 750; Paging Tx Delay (ms); 40
2; BELL 0 1 3 5*; Paging Bell # rings; 49
3; LMP.AUT* OFF; Lamp Oper. ext pwr; 32
4; OP.ON* OFF; One-touch Paging; 39
5; LOCK KL* DL PL VL; Lock Combinations; 32
6; 0.600*; Rptr. Offset, ARS; 21
7; MD.AUT* MAN; Message Display; 44
8; AB.OFF* ON; Answer-back Pager; 41
9; MD.CNT* SIN; Message Bank Storage; 44
10; MEL.INT* USR; Ringer Alert Melody; 51
11; DM.DT* BE; DTMF Playback mode; 49
12; BM.BE* DT; Keypad beeper mode; 49
13; D5.F* 5; DTMF5 Playback speed; 49

* factory default
To return all Set-Mode Function settings to factory-default (as
above), turn the transceiver off, then press and hold # while
turning it back on.

Page 49

Ringer Settings

You can customize the ringer that alerts you to incoming calls
during CTCSS Bell and DTMF Paging operation. To change the number
of rings (0=OFF, 1, 3 or 5):

- Press F/M/D then 0 (SET), and rotate the DIAL until "2" appears
in the memory box and "BELL 5" (default rings) in the display
- Press A/UP or B/DOWN for the desired number of rings, or "BELL 0"
to disable the ringer completely.
- Press the PTT to save your entry and return the display to

DTMF Settings

Following are a few alternate setting functions of the DTMF
keypad that you can customize to your own preference.

Musical or DTMF Keypad "Beep"

Normally, pushing a key sounds a single-tone musical note in
the loudspeaker. If you prefer, you can change the default musical
beeps to DTMF tones by pressing F/M/D then 0 (SET), and rotating
the DIAL so that "12" appears in the memory box ("BM.BE" in the
display center). Then press A/UP or B/DOWN once ("BM.DT") and the
PTT to save your entry and return the display to normal.

DTMF Memory Playback

Like the keypad beep selection above, the tones stored in the
DTMF auto-dialer memories can be played back using single-tone
musical notes instead of DTMF tones. You might want to select the
musical notes if you are using memory 0 for the user-programmed
ringer alert melody. Note, however, that while this setting is in
effect, you cannot transmit the DTMF tones stored in auto-dial

To change the memory tones, press F/M/D then 0 (SET), turn the
DIAL so that "11" appears in the memory box ("DM .DT" in the
display center). Then turn the DIAL or press A/UP or B/DOWN once
("DM. BE"). Press the PTT to save your entry and return the display
to normal.

DTMF & Melody Playback Speed

You can toggle the playback speed of DTMF Auto-dial Memories
(DTMF or musical beeps, if enabled). Note that this speed selection
affects all tone playback in the FT-11R: Auto-Dialer, Page Codes
and all Ringer/Alerting Melodies..
Page 50

The default tone duration is 50 msec., resulting in a playback
rate of about 11 digits per second (fast). This can be changed to
80 msec. duration, giving a playback rate of 7.5 digits per second
(slow). To change the DTMF playback speed;

Press F/M/D then 0, and rotate the DIAL so that "13" is
displayed in the memory box and "D5.F" in the display center. Press
A/UP or B/DOWN once ("D5 .5") to toggle your selection, then press
the PTT to return the display to normal.

Volume & Squelch Control with the DIAL

If you prefer to use the DIAL to control volume and squelch
settings, hold the VOL/SQL UP and DOWN buttons while turning the
transceiver on. Now, both the DIAL and VOL/SQL UP and DOWN buttons
function the same, while VFO and memory tuning/scanning is limited
to the A/UP and B/DOWN buttons. For squelch adjustment, remember
to press F/M/D first. Repeat the power-on procedure to return the
DIAL to default behavior.

Extended Receive Range

The receive range (only) of the FT-11R can be extended to
110-180 MHz by a simple power-on sequence. Transmit range is
limited to the amateur bands only. This feature may not be
available on all versions, as reception outside of amateur bands is
subject to regulations in some countries. If you are in doubt,
contact your Yaesu dealer.

Turn the transceiver off, then press and hold both A/UP and
B/DOWN together while turning the radio on again.

Tuning now extends from 110 to 180 MHz, with AM detector
circuitry automatically activating below 136 MHz to enable
reception of the aeronautical band. To return the FT-11R to
default (amateur band only) reception, repeat the power-on sequence

Page 51

Extending Battery Life

How long NiCd batteries last between charges or replacement
depends largely on your operating habits, and how you care for the
battery pack. The FT-11R offers several ways to conserve battery
power, and extend the life of each charge. Knowing how to use these
can be critical in emergencies.

APO (Automatic Power-Off)

Obviously, turning the set off when not in use saves battery
life, and can also prevent damage that might result to the
batteries if they are overdischarged. The FT-11R provides the APO
system to turn the transceiver off after 10, 20 or 30 minutes of
key inactivity. From the factory, APO is disabled, but you can
easily activate it by pressing F/M/D then 5 (APO) ("APO.OFF") and
then rotating the DIAL (or pressing A/UP or B/DOWN) to choose the
time-out time (in minutes). Press the PTT to return the display to
normal. When APO is activated, a timer icon appears at the top
right corner of the display, and a timer starts every time you
press a key. If you don't press any keys for the selected time-out
period, and as long as you are not scanning or priority monitoring,
the timer icon will begin blinking, and if you have the key beeper
activated (page 16), it will play an alert melody (see the box
below) about a minute before the transceiver turns itself off. If
you don't press a key in that minute, the transceiver turns off.
After that, you must switch the transceiver back on for use. If you
need to monitor for a long period, or if using an external DC
supply, you can deactivate the APO feature by pressing the same
keys as before, so the display shows "APO.OFF".

APO Alert Melody

You can choose either the factory-initialized Alert-Ringer
Melody or one of your own composition to be played back during the
APO shut-down sequence. The user-programmed melody can be up to 15
notes long, and is stored in DTMF Auto-dialer memory 0 using the
same procedure as described for DTMF Auto-dial Memories on page 45.

To select the default Alert-Ringer Melody, press F/M/D then 0
(SET) and then use the DIAL to select "10" in the memory box
("MEL.INT" displayed). Use the A/UP or B/DOWN keys to toggle
between user- and initialized-melodyd ("MEL.USR") selections, then
press the PTT to return the display to normal.

Page 52

Receiver ABS "Automatic Battery Saver"

Monitoring with squelch closed requires about one third the
power of listening to unsquelched noise, so you will naturally want
to keep the squelch closed as much as possible. The FT-11R uses an
automated battery saver system originated by Yaesu, reducing
current drain during squelched monitoring. The Battery Saver puts
the receiver to sleep three seconds after the squelch closes, and
then wakes it up for 200 milliseconds periodically to check for
incoming signals. When the Battery Saver is enabled, a small "SAVE"
appears near the bottom right corner of the display, which blinks
when the saver is functioning.

You can select from eight sleep durations, from 200 ms to 1
second, or you can select the ABS function, which senses channel
activity and dynamically selects a monitor/sleep ratio according to
recent operating history.

The ABS mode is enabled as supplied from the factory. You can
check or change the sleep duration or disable the Power Saver by
pressing F/M/D then 4 (SAVE) and then rotating the DIAL to change
the current (displayed) saver ratio. Possible selections and their
corresponding keys are shown in the table below.

Battery Saver Settings
[table of what is shown in the Display (a ratio); RX "On"-time;
SA.1:1; 200 ms; 200 ms
SA.1:2; 200 ms; 400 ms
SA.1:3; 200 ms; 600 ms
SA.1:5; 200 ms; 1000 ms
SA.OFF; always on; [no sleep time]
SA.ABS; 200; variable* (see explanation in text)

TX Save

One of the best operating habits is to always use the lowest
transmitter power necessary to maintain reliable communications. As
described on the box on page 20, the FT-11R offers a choice of four
levels of power output: one HIGH and three low--LOW 1, LOW 2 and
LOW 3. On top of this, the FT-11R can reduce transmitter current
drain further with its smart TX Save feature. This feature
conserves battery life by reducing power output when the
microprocessor determines it is not required, that is:

Page 53

- when the transmitter is keyed but you are not speaking, and
- when a full-scale signal is sensed on the receive frequency (such
as a repeater output).

TX Save is not enabled from the factory but can be turned on
as follows:

- Press F/M/D then 8 (TX SAVE) to display "TXS.OFF".
- Use the DIAL or A/B keys to turn the save feature on ("TXS.ON"
- Press the PTT to return the display to normal.

Notice that the "SAVE" indicator is displayed during
transmission when the TX Save function is on (with the ABS
function, it blinks during receive and turns off during TX).

Regardless of whether you use the TX Save feature, notice that
the current drain of the LOW 1 setting is much less than the HIGH
setting, so it is good to develop the habit of always using the
lowest setting possible, switching to high power only when low
power fails to get through. If you live in a location where high
power is almost always needed, consider using a higher gain antenna
instead of opting for high power (the effect on transmissions is
the same). Make sure any external antenna is designed for 50 ohms
impedance at the operating frequency.

Beeper Disable

The keypad beeper draws several milliamperes, so you may want
to disable it if you need to conserve power while using the keys a
lot. Do this by pressing F/M/D then 2 (TSET), a "b" appears in the
memory box when the beeper enabled. Press F/M/D again to change
toggle the beeper, and then 2 (TSET) again to return to normal

Selective Calling

Obviously, if the channel is quiet, the squelch does not open
often, and power drain is minimized (particularly if the Power
Saver is active). Unfortunately, you probably cannot always
confine your activity to quiet frequencies. The DTMF selective
calling (code squelch, and DTMF paging) features in the FT-11R can
be used to essentially make a quiet channel out of an otherwise
busy one. When either of these features is active, the squelch only
opens (and the BUSY/TX LED lights) when a signal is prefixed by a
3-digit DTMF code that matches one you have stored in the DTMF Code
Memories (see page 39). This can extend battery life considerably.

Page 54

In cases where you may need to monitor many stations, or some
that are not equipped with DTMF encoders but do have CTCSS, the
optional FTS-26 Tone Squelch Unit can also be
used to make a quiet channel on a crowded frequency.

Earphones & Speaker/Mics

Using the lowest possible volume setting minimizes current
drain while receiving. You can hold the transceiver up to your ear
and reduce the volume to minimum, but it may be more convenient to
use an earphone, speaker/mic or the MH-19A2B Earpiece/Mic, and keep
the transceiver clipped to your belt, particularly in noisy

Battery Care

As the battery discharges, the voltage drop (when
transmitting) increases. When battery voltage drops to around 4.0
volts, the low battery icon begins flashing, indicating the
batteries should be replaced or recharged. As battery voltage drops
further, the transceiver shuts off.

If using rechargeable batteries, switch the transceiver off
and recharge or replace the battery as soon as the indicator begins
to blink. Try to avoid recharging Ni-Cd batteries often with little
use between charges, as that can degrade the charge capacity and
useful life of the cells. Since it is hard to know exactly when
the charge will run out, you may want to carry an extra,
fully-charged pack with you to avoid having operation interrupted.

Page 55

In Case of Problems

Don't worry if you find FT-11R operation somewhat complicated
at first. There are many more features than the display can
indicate at one time, and most keys have more functions than are
indicated by their labels. So it is not difficult to get lost, at
least until you have had the chance to learn the various functions
of the display and keys. This section provides some tips to help
you navigate the various display and key modes if you get stuck.

If the display shows nothing at all, check the power switch,
and if necessary, remove the battery pack and check that the
contacts are clean. If all appears to be physically in order,
recharge or replace the batteries.

The state of the display tells a lot (but not all) about the
current state of operation. The display can take on a great many
different states, but most of them are temporary and will time out
after a few seconds, returning to the operating frequency.
Exceptions are the displays for the "setting" mode, DTMF Code
Memories and CTCSS tone frequency.

Fortunately, the display includes many symbols and function
indicators to let you know what is going on as long as power is
applied, so it is well worthwhile to study the display diagram on
page 8 carefully. For example, if the frequency display changes
unexpectedly when you transmit (or if "ERR" appears), check for a
small "+" or "-" near the top center of the display, indicating
that the operating frequency, with the selected repeater shift, is
resulting in an out-of-band TX frequency.

Attempting an illegal command usually does nothing, and no
beep sounds. However, if the keys are locked, nothing happens when
you press a key for even legal commands. Check for "KL" (key lock),
"DL" (DIAL lock) or "PL" (PTT lock) in the display. If you see one
of these, slide the LOCK switch downward.

If you still cannot enter data, check to see if the BUSY/TX
LED is red, indicating the transmitter is activated. Releasing the
PTT switch should return the set to receive. If not, switch the
transceiver off, and then back on.

Page 56

If a "1" does not appear in the 100's-of-MHz digit place, or
if the transceiver behaves strangely when you try to tune, check
for either "PAGE", "T.PAGE" or "CODE" beneath the frequency
display, indicating that DTMF paging, trigger paging or code
squelch is active with the code memory display option. If so, press
C (PAGE/CODE), several times if necessary, to clear these symbols
and return the frequency display to normal.

To avoid confusion resulting from inadvertent button presses,
set the keypad lock on as described on page 32 if you leave the
transceiver unattended while it is on. Remember to set the lock
back off when you wish to enter data.

Resetting the CPU

As a last resort, if you are unable to gain control of the
transceiver, the FT-11R can be reset from the keypad to clear all
settings, memories, channel step and repeater shifts to their
factory defaults. Just press and hold the * (MR/SKIP), # (VFO/PRI),
and 2 (TSET) together while turning the transceiver on.

Display Test

To check all LCD display indicators and segments in a "Las
Vegas" style test, turn the radio off, then hold the F/M/D key
while powering on again. All display indicators and segments will
blink off and on simultaneously. Turn the power off then on again
to return operation to as before.

Page 57

Packet Radio

To use the FT-11R for packet, the power saver should be
disabled, since the sleep periods used in power saving can cause
packets to be missed. To disable the power saver, press F/M/D then
4 (SAVE) and select "SA.OFF".

Connect the EAR and MiC jacks to your TNC as shown below. MIC
jack impedance is 2 kOHm, and maximum input is 300 mVrms. EAR jack
impedance is 8 ohms, and maximum output is 2 Vrms (w/9.6-V supply).

[diagram of connection to TNC]

Page 58

FTS-26 Tone Squelch Unit Installation

The FTS-26 is a sub-audible CTCSS Tone Squelch unit, used with
the CTCSS decode ("T SQL") and CTCSS Bell features described
beginning on page 33. Programming and decoding of 39 standard CTCSS
tones is possible via the FT-11R front keypad.

- Turn the transceiver off. Remove the soft case, if used, and the
battery pack as described on page 11.

- Next remove the six screws from the rear half of the transceiver
(four affixing the die-cast cover and two from the bottom of the
battery well) as shown below.

- Gently unfold both body halves and lay them flat. Pay careful
attention not to stretch or crease to the interconnecting flat
ribbon cable. Locate small white connector J3002 at the center of
the AF Unit, and the white outline on the PCB showing the location
for the FTS-26.

- Using two fingertips, open the connector by gently pulling on
both tray tabs and sliding the tray out.

- Position the FTS-26 so that the components on the tone squelch
unit are facing down, then insert the contact lead of the FTS-26
into the tray guide. Close and lock the connector by evenly
applying pressure on both tray tabs.

- Place the supplied strip of adhesive insulation tape on the
exposed surface of the FTS-26, then carefully align the body halves
and reassemble the transceiver case. Install the battery pack, this
completes the installation procedure.

Page 59: photographs of installation procedure

Page 60
[rest of page is blank]


[Back cover]


17210 Edwards Rd., Cerritos, California 90701, U.S.A.

Snipweg 3. 1118AA Schiphol, The Netherlands

Copyright C 1993
Yaesu Musen Co., Ltd.
All rights reserved.


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